Advantages Long and very rich history...
Disadvantages Not quite the Exact Category...
Having completed my review on Damascus (the link to which is:
http://travel.ciao.co.uk/opinion_view.php/OpinionId/5541181/ProduktId/90945) I have decided to post this part of it separately for a couple of reasons:
The history of Damascus in particular is remarkable and that is the main reason for which I opted for posting this information, as opposed to omitting it altogether.The second reason is that its history is extremely complicated and quite confusing at times, hence needs to be read separately for easier digestion.
I trust that those of you who enjoy finding out about the diversity of certain lands, might appreciate it.So here goes…
The earliest reference to its name was found in 1975, in the archaeological site of Ebla, where the word "Damaski" was deciphered on a clay tablet.Aramean Period
The earliest documented history about this rich city dates back to 2000 BC, during its Amorite period, when it served as the capital of an Aramean Principality (the Arameans spoke a northern Arabian dialect which later came to be known as Syriac or Aramaic). Sadly, most Aramean towns are buried beneath the eastern part of the old walled city and are impossible to excavate as other historical monuments have been built on top of them. One of the major Aramean buildings, the Temple of Hadad (God of Storm) is said to be buried beneath the Great Umayyad MosqueAssyrian Period
The Assyrian King Hadad Niari III besieged and took over the city in 841 BC, and in 572BC, it was the turn of the Chaldeans (Neo-Babylonians) to reign over Damascus, under King Nebuchadnezzar; not for long though, as King Cyrus of Persia arrived in 538 BC to rule over the city and establish it as the capital of the Persian Province of Syria.The Arrival of Alexander and the Greek Period (and others…)
But in 333 BC, Damascus was to come under western control for the very first time in its history when the armies of Alexander the Great swept through the near East, capturing the city (amongst other conquests) and marking the start of a "classical" civilisation, which was to last until 630 AD.
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